IoT arrives inside the volcanoes

Beatriz Sanz Baños    29 November, 2019

Thanks to the installation of sensors inside the crater, the information collected in real time about temperature, humidity and atmospheric pressure, can be accessed. In this way, you have almost total control of the different parameters of the volcano.

Volcanic eruptions are a phenomenon sometimes difficult to predict. Although eruptions have been reduced in recent years compared to the last century, there are many active volcanoes that pose a danger to the surrounding population.

Fortunately, solutions have been found that allow diagnosing movements that announce imminent danger. Internet of Things (IoT) has revolutionized volcanology reaching a step beyond traditional methods.

IoT gets inside the volcanoes

Due to the installation of sensors inside the crater, you can access the information collected in real time about temperature, humidity and atmospheric pressure, so that you have almost total control of the different parameters of the volcano. This is how IoT reaches the interior of the volcanoes.

Volcanic eruptions are a phenomenon sometimes difficult to predict. Although eruptions have been reduced in recent years compared to the last century, there are many active volcanoes that pose a danger to the surrounding population.

Fortunately, There are solutions that allow diagnosing movements that announce imminent danger. Internet of Things (IoT) has revolutionized volcanology reaching, a step beyond traditional methods.

Seismographs, geophysical and geochemical techniques can detect changes within the volcano and allow the measure changes in magma and flow through calorie and gas detectors. The problem is that volcanic areas are often remote and inaccessible, which entails great difficulties for communications and feeding of permanent surveillance equipment. It is necessary to design a low energy consumption system with long range communications. Technology has managed to combine these characteristics and offer efficient solutions to these phenomena thanks to the Internet of Things.

How does IoT help diagnose possible natural disasters caused by volcano eruption?

Thanks to the installation of sensors inside the crater, experts can access the information collected in real time about temperature, humidity and atmospheric pressure, so that you have almost total control of the different parameters of the volcano.

These sensors installed, encapsulated and hermetically sealed to protect them from the high temperatures that are reached, both inside and in the areas close to the volcano, which can reach around one thousand degrees, have low consumption and long-range capabilities with month-long batteries. Sensors gather information on the ground helping to anticipate the volcanic crisis.

But all this information would not help if they were not transmitted to where they can be analyzed. That’s where the different IoT networks come into play. When connected, the sensors can send the collected data to be processed.

Finally, these data are analyzed from all possible angles and thus obtain conclusions to make one decision or another.

At the moment, there is no exact formula to predict the specific moment in which a volcano will erupt, although in the last half century different highly effective systems have been developed that continue to evolve today. IoT has broken into the world of volcanology generating advances, contributing to the prediction of volcanic eruptions and avoiding major disasters.

Technology advances and with it increases the quality of life of those who have it within reach. It not only generates connections and offers the possibility of relating and expressing oneself, but also provides, through these solutions, greater security in situations that, until now, were beyond human reach. IoT is a resource at the service of humanity that makes the world a safer place.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.